The foundation of social competency is developed within the first five years of child's life, affecting her later ability to function in school and form successful relationships (National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, 2005). The socially competent, or prosocial young child is capable of engaging in satisfying interactions with adults and peers, and is able to manage her emotions and behaviors, all of which lead to positive social outcomes (Berger, 2003; Fuller, 2001; McClellan & Katz, 2001;Webster-Stratton & Reid, 2004). When given opportunities to strengthen social competence in early childhood, young children benefit by being able to adapt more easily to social and emotional situations. As this occurs, cognitive development and academic success are enhanced (Kinsey, 2000; Rogoff, 1990).
Satisfying Interactions and Meaningful Relationships
Certainly, how a child treats others and how…